Stye (Sty): What Is It, Causes, Treatment & Prevention

A stye, also known as a sty, is a common and often bothersome eye condition. In this informative guide, we will explore what a stye is, its causes, available treatments, and preventive measures. Let’s delve into the world of styes to understand better how to manage and avoid this discomforting eye issue.

What Is a Stye?

Stye, or as the medical elite prefer to call it, the hordeolum! A feisty little lump, all rosy and painful, decided to crash the eyelid party. Now, how does it get there? Well, blame it on the unruly bacteria, always up to mischief, infecting an innocent oil gland right at the eyelash base. 

And where does it choose to throw this party? Anywhere it pleases—whether on the inner or outer eyelid, it doesn’t discriminate. The result? Good old discomfort, a splash of redness, and a generous helping of swelling. 

Causes of Styes

Styes are usually caused by the following factors:

1. Bacterial Infection

The most common cause of a stye is the infection of an eyelash follicle or an oil gland by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. This infection triggers the development of a painful lump.

2. Poor Eyelid Hygiene

Poor eyelid hygiene, such as failing to properly remove eye makeup or contact lenses, can result in the buildup of debris and bacteria, which raises the risk of styes.

3. Common Eye Conditions

Conditions like blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelid margin) or meibomian gland dysfunction can make individuals more susceptible to styes.

Symptoms of a Stye

Styes are typically characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Pain and Tenderness: A stye is often painful and tender to the touch.
  • Redness and Swelling: The affected area becomes red and swollen.
  • A Visible Bump: A pus-filled bump may be visible on the eyelid.
  • Discomfort When Blinking: Blinking may become uncomfortable due to the stye’s presence.

Home Remedies for Stye

Home remedies can provide relief for the discomfort associated with a stye, but they should not replace professional medical advice and treatment. If you have a stye, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider. Here are some home remedies that may help alleviate stye:

Warm Compress:

  • Applying a warm compress to the affected eye is one of the most effective home remedies for a stye. It helps reduce pain, swelling, and encourages the stye to drain.
  • Soak a clean cloth or cotton ball in warm water (not too hot) and place it gently over the closed eyelid for 10-15 minutes, several times a day.

Tea Bags:

  • Used tea bags, especially those containing black or green tea, can help soothe a stye due to their anti-inflammatory properties.
  • After brewing a cup of tea, allow the tea bag to cool slightly, then place it over the stye for a few minutes.

Guava Leaf Compress:

  • Guava leaves have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Boil guava leaves in water, let them cool, and then use the liquid as a warm compress on the stye.

Aloe Vera Gel:

  • Aloe vera has soothing properties and can help reduce stye discomfort.
  • Apply a small amount of fresh aloe vera gel to the stye and the surrounding area.


  • Turmeric has natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Mix a pinch of turmeric with water to form a paste and apply it to the stye. Avoid getting it in your eye.

Coriander Seeds:

  • Boil a teaspoon of coriander seeds in a cup of water, then use the cooled liquid as an eyewash. Rinse your eye with this solution several times a day.

Potato Slice:

  • Place a thin, cold potato slice over the stye for about 10 minutes. Potatoes have natural anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce swelling.

Castor Oil:

  • Applying a drop of castor oil to the stye before bedtime may help promote healing.

Avoid Eye Makeup:

  • While you have a stye, it’s advisable to avoid wearing eye makeup to prevent further irritation and infection.

Eyelid Hygiene:

  • Clean your eyelids with a gentle, non-irritating eyelid cleanser to maintain good eyelid hygiene.

Keep Your Hands Clean:

  • Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes, as this can introduce bacteria and worsen the stye.

Avoid Contact Lenses:

  • If you wear contact lenses, switch to wearing glasses until the stye has healed to prevent further irritation.

Remember, if the stye persists, becomes increasingly painful, or affects your vision, it’s crucial to seek medical attention promptly.

Treatment for Styes

Styes usually resolve on their own within a few days or weeks. However, the following measures can help alleviate symptoms and promote faster healing:

1. Warm Compresses

Applying a clean, warm compress to the affected eye for 10-15 minutes several times a day can help reduce pain and encourage the stye to drain naturally.

2. Antibiotic Ointment

Your healthcare provider may prescribe antibiotic ointment or drops to treat the bacterial infection and prevent further complications.

3. Avoid Squeezing

It’s essential not to attempt to squeeze or pop a stye, as this can lead to the spread of infection.

4. Eyelid Hygiene

Maintain good eyelid hygiene by gently cleaning your eyelids with a mild, non-irritating solution as directed by your eye doctor.

Prevention of Styes

Preventing styes involves simple practices to reduce the risk of infection:

1. Hand Hygiene

Always wash your hands thoroughly before touching your eyes, especially when inserting or removing contact lenses or applying eye makeup.

2. Makeup Removal

Remove eye makeup before bedtime, and replace eye makeup products regularly to prevent bacterial buildup.

3. Contact Lens Care

If you wear contact lenses, follow proper hygiene guidelines for lens care, including cleaning and disinfection.

4. Avoid Sharing

Avoid sharing eye makeup or personal eye care items, as this can spread bacteria.

5. Eyelid Hygiene

If you have a history of styes or eyelid issues, consider using lid wipes or baby shampoo to clean your eyelids as part of your daily hygiene routine.

Bottom Line

In conclusion, while styes can be uncomfortable and unsightly, they are typically harmless and can be managed with proper care and hygiene. If you suspect you have a stye that is not improving or if it becomes severely painful, consult an eye care professional for evaluation and appropriate treatment. By practicing good eye hygiene and taking preventive measures, you can reduce the likelihood of experiencing styes in the future and maintain healthy eyes.